Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds commonly called "beans" of the coffee plant. Coffee was first consumed as early as the 9th century, when it appeared in the highlands of Ethiopia. From Ethiopia, it spread to different countries. Today, coffee is one of the most popular beverages worldwide.
According to the Webster’s Dictionary coffee is “The beans and cherries of the coffee tree, whether parchment, green or roasted, and includes ground, decaffeinated, liquid and soluble coffee”. The beanlike seeds of this plant are enclosed within a pulpy fruit. The beverages are prepared from the seeds of this plant.
There are two most commonly grown coffee species – the coffea canephora and c. Arabica. Arabica coffee is by far the most popular variety because of it's smooth taste and aromatic qualities.
Basically coffee berries are picked, processed (flesh removed from around the coffee beans), and then they're dried. The seeds are then during which the sugars in the bean caramelize, the bean changes colour, and the true flavour of that delicious drink we call coffee develops. The beans are generally roasted to a light, medium, or a dark brown colour, depending on the desired flavour. The roasted beans are ground and brewed in order to create that beverage we call coffee! That's the basic run down, the basic procedure from which a coffee bean becomes the coffee powder we enjoy every now and then.